Cool Season (Northern) Grasses

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Quick Tips

  • Cool season grasses thrive between temps 60-75 ⁰F.
  • The most commonly used cool season grasses are: Bluegrass, Ryegrass, and Fescue.

Cool season grasses are best suited for cooler climates and thrive between the temperatures of 60-75⁰F. The most commonly used cool season grasses are: Bluegrass, Ryegrass, and Fescue.

Visit our lawn disease page for common lawn diseases and tools to get your lawn back on track.

Kentucky Bluegrass
Kentucky Bluegrass (Poa pratensis) Common Kentucky Bluegrass

Germination Period: 14-28 days. Dark green color. Fine thick characteristics. Requires good drainage and acid soil. Grows in sun within cool climates. Good for play areas, quick cover, sloped, and terraces. Excellent for general utility. Kentucky bluegrass is the most widely used turfgrass in the Midwest US. It is used on athletic fields, home lawns, golf course fairways, parks, cemeteries.

Annual Bluegrass
Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua)

Annual bluegrass is considered a weed although it is cultured as a desirable plant in pure stands. It is only found where irrigation is available and thus it is usually limited to highly managed turf.

Annual Ryegrass
Annual Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum)
Germination Period: 3-7 days. Green color. Coarse characteristics. Requires moist earth and acid soil. Grows in full sun, light shade within cool climates. Good for play areas. Excellent for quick cover.
Fescue
Fescue (Festuca arundinacea)
Germination Period: 10-14 days. Dark green, green color. Thick coarse characteristics. Requires good drainage and acid soil. Grows in full sun and light shade within cool temperate climates. Good for quick cover. Excellent for play areas, slopes and terraces. Roadside, athletic fields, home lawns in the transition zone, now being used in more areas; good drought tolerance; select "turf-type" tall fescues for lawn or athletic applications.