Southern, Warm-Season Grasses

Before and after picture of a lawn fertilized with Milorganite.

Southern (warm-season) grasses are best suited for tropical and subtropical climates and thrive between the temperatures of 80-95⁰F. Southern grasses are typically known for their dense lawn cover, and turn brown in color when temperatures become cooler. The most commonly used southern grasses are: Bahia, Bermudagrass, Centipede, St. Augustinegrass, and Zoysiagrass.

Southern Grasses should be fertilized with Milorganite four (4) times per year. Centipedegrass and Bahia grass prefer spring and summer feedings, and to help prevent winter kill, avoid fertilizing these varieties in the fall. The last time to fertilize in fall is one month before dormancy or the average first killing frost.

Visit our lawn disease page for management tools to help get your lawn back on track.

This Bahiagrass is dark green and grows in a warm climate.

Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum)

Germination Period: 21-28 days. Dark green color (turns brown in cold weather). Hairy coarse characteristics. Requires moist conditions and acid soil. Grows in sun and light shade. Warm climate. Good for general utility. Excellent for play areas.

This Bermudagrass ia dark green in color and fine and thick.

Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon)

Germination Period: 4-12 days. Dark green color (turns brown in cold weather). Fine and thick characteristics. Requires moist earth, acid soil conditions. Grows in sun and warm temperatures. Excellent for general utility, play areas, slopes and terraces.

This buffalo grass is gray-green with fine, hairy characteristics.

Buffalograss (Buchloe dactyloides)

Germination Period: 25-35 days. Gray Green (turns brown in hot weather). Fine, hairy characteristics. Dry conditions and alkaline soil. Grows in sun and cool temperate weather. Good for play areas and quick cover. Excellent for slopes and terraces.

This Centipede grass is light green with thick, coarse characteristics.

Centipede(Eremuchloa ophiuroides)

Germination Period: 14-20 days. Light green color. Thick coarse characteristics. Requires moist conditions and acid soil. Grows in sun and light shade and warm temperatures. Good for slopes and terraces.

This St. Augustine grass is blue-green with thick, coarse characteristics.

St. Augustine (Stenotaphium secundatum)

The best time to plant is during active growth, which is normally between May and August. Other times may be suitable for sodding as long as the sod is prevented from drying out.  Blue green color. Thick coarse characteristics. Requires moist earth and acid soil. Grows in full sun, light shade and shade within warm climates. Good for slopes and terraces.

This Zoysiagrass is dark green with fine characteristics.

Zoysiagrass (Zoysie japonica)

Germination Period:10-15 days. Dark green, gray green color (turns brown in cold weather). Fine characteristics. Requires good drainage and acid soil. Grows in full sun, light shade and shade within warm climates. Good for play areas, slopes and terraces. Excellent for general utility.